DEALING WITH WORKPLACE HAZARDOUS SPILLS
Hazardous spills can occur in almost any facility. Even if there is only a small chance that it could occur in your facility, your employees should be trained on what to do in a hazardous spill situation. According to OSHA, there are five main level of training people about hazardous waste management.
First Responder Awareness
The first responder is any person who enters the manufacturing facility even when they do not handle the chemicals. The staff in this level only need four hours of training as they are taught the most basic issues regarding handling chemicals. They are also taught how to recognize a hazmat emergency and who to contact.
Awareness for those in charge of operations
This level is for workers who have the job of keeping spills from spreading and to keep unauthorized personnel away from the spills. The amount of hours required for training this staff is mainly eight hours. The terms referring to hazardeous materials are defined and explained as well as the procedure of carrying out risk assessment. Other skills taught include how to wear protective equipment and clothing as well as how to contain the spill.
Training the technicians.
The staff in this level of training are the ones that enter the spill area and prevent the material from spilling. 24 hours of training is required in order to complete training in this level. Their training covers chemical and toxicological hazards and risk assessment techniques. The staff are also taught how to use various survey instruments in order to identify leaking containers, spill control techniques as well as decontamination procedures.
Hazardous Materials Specialist
Hazardous materials specialists are experts on how to handle all of the hazardous materials in your site and they work with federal, state, local and other Government officials if necessary. 24 hours of training ir required here where they are taught about the various types of hazardous materials in detail. Here, the specialists learn how to carry out decontamination and how to contain a spill as well as the various personal protective gears available and which one is the most appropriate and for what situation.
Training the Incident commander
Incident commanders receive the highest level of HAZMAT training as they are in charge of all cleanup operations. Despite the fact that the amount of time required to do the training may vary from institution to institution, the minimum number of hours required is 24 hours. The commanders are required to have this information at their finger tips as they are required to come up with emergency response plans in case of a spill. Those trained in this level should be experts in medical risks as well as decontamination experts.