Definition of Stock market

It is known as a market for a social institution that emerges when a link between suppliers (known as sellers) and eventual buyers (ie buyers) is initiated, which interact with the purpose of making exchanges, transactions or agreements.

Stock market

A value, on the other hand, is something that has an estimate. The term, in economic or financial sense, is used as a synonym for title or action (to mention, in this context, the rights as owner that someone treasures in relation to a certain society).

Based on these definitions, the notion of market or stock exchange can be presented as a phrase describing the capital market that serves as a framework for establishing negotiations related to both fixed and variable income through purchase- Sale focused on any kind of negotiable value.

Both the offerors and the plaintiffs negotiate the securities (which can be from stocks or bonds to bonds, among others) after accessing reliable information on the status of companies. The operation of the stock market allows channeling savings and investment.

The issuers of securities obtain financial resources from the public offering, while those who buy these securities can make a profit either by reselling the shares or by collecting dividends (an amount paid in proportion to the securities held With the profits generated by the company).

It should be noted that the stock market uses various procedures and systems that guarantee its transparency. In this way, it is assumed that there will be no one who can use their power to distort the price of values. It is essential, therefore, that the information circulates freely and that it is truthful.

The Tokyo stock market is the second largest in the world, and the largest in Asia, and is dedicated to trading exclusively shares and securities, both convertible and those that give the right to acquire or subscribe. In order to carry out its negotiations, it is based on a “system of direction and execution of commands assisted by computer”, known by the acronym CORES. More than 2 thousand companies from all over the world are quoted in it, highlighting without doubt the technological and automotive. Among them are the leaders of Honda and Toyota vehicle manufacturing, the powerful and versatile Pioneer and Sony, electronics component manufacturers Kyocera, TDK and Fanuc, the leader in digital imaging Canon and Secom security specialists.

In each country there is an entity that is dedicated to supervise the activities of the stock market, such as Spain, for example, and its National Securities Market Commission, which has been in force since 1988. In all cases, Main objective is to ensure the legitimacy of transactions and protect investors. It should be mentioned that the amount of data that must be analyzed to carry out its activities is freely available to citizens.

Speaking specifically of the Spanish CNMV, this body performs an intense work of international character, which mainly consists of participating in the societies that bring together those who regulate and supervise securities, such as the International Organization of Securities Commissions, and the groups that Cover various sectors, such as insurance and banking services, at the national, continental and global levels.

On the other hand, its competences also reach the advice and the provision of services to the national authorities to improve their collaboration with the bodies of the European Union; Through training programs, ensures an up-to-date look and encourages the various entities of the securities markets to modernize, thus promoting their growth.